Question: In the year 1742, a Swedish astronomer devised temperature scale wherein 100 degrees separate the temperature freezing and boiling points of water. As per present standard, his theory was not only weird but also contradictory. It stated the boiling point of water as zero degrees and its freezing point as 100 degrees.
Quiz: what is the name of this benchmark and who invented it?
Answer: The benchmark measuring the temperature is called Celsius and it was invented by Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius. (Picture, right). Considering today’s standard, he had established the reverse scale for denoting the boiling and freezing points of water. Residing in a cold country like Sweden, he preferred to determine the boiling point of water as zero. He applied this logic to validate his thinking that boiling water has zero coldness. on the other hand 1000 was considered as the freezing point as that condition had the maximum cold. Sweden and France did not approve his logic and therefore reversed Anders Celsius’ scale of temperature measurement. Later on many countries followed them.